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RepresentationThe most common way to represent a graph is an adjacencylist representation. Given the graph below:
We can represent it with:
Another representation is a adjacency matrix. For a graph with V vertices, a V x V matrix is used where each element V[i, j] is a Boolean that says whether there is an edge from vertex i to vertex j. The advantage of this matrix format over the adjacency list is that edge insertion and removal is constant time. It tends to use more memory than adjacency list. It is better to use the matrix for dense graphs where the number of edges is close to the number of elements in the matrix and to use an adjacency list when the graph is sparse. Search methodsBreadthfirst searchBreadthfirst search explores a graph by visiting all vertices adjacent to a vertex. Then it repeats the process for each vertex discovered. Breadthfirst search is useful for instance to compute the shortest path between each pair of vertices. Depthfirst searchDepthfirst search explores a graph by first visiting undiscovered vertices adjacent to the most recently discovered vertex. Depthfirst search is useful for instance to detect cycles. PartitionerThe goal of a graph partitioner, also called mesh partitioner, is to separate the vertices of a graph into almost equalsized components such that the number of edges between components is minimized. Finding good graph partitions has been the focus of much recent research because it can be used to reduce the communication among processors in a parallel machine. In particular if the graph represents the communication structure of a set of entities, then the graph partitioner can be used to allocate the entities to processors such that communication is reduced. Most graph partitioners work with undirected graphs. They often use geometric algorithms (they try to draw a line that cuts a minimum number of edges). Geometric algorithms also imply that we can provide the coordinates of the vertices. You can look at http://www2.cs.cmu.edu/~scandal/alg/separator.html for examples of graph partitioners. On this page three kinds of partitioners are described:
There are parallel graph partitioner that run in an MPI or PVM environment. See our Grid page for more information about MPI and PVM. You can check MIST for instance. You can also look at METIS and ParMETIS that you can download from http://wwwusers.cs.umn.edu/~karypis/metis/. CreditMastering Algorithms in C by Kyle Loudon. O’Reilly & Associates. For a more comprehensive presentation you can also look at our algorithm page. Cuckoo Ptah Algorithms Graphs Kalman Air Transport Society Networks Device
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